How on earth did there come to be a Vegetarian Creek in Allen County, Kansas? Well, it goes back to a communal experiment in the territorial days. A group of prospective settlers set out to live in Kansas, with the hopes of having a vegetarian utopia with octagonal houses and communal living.
Nobody knows exactly where the settlement was, but it was somewhere in (what is now) the Cottage Grove Township of Allen County, south of modern-day Iola, Kansas. And it was somewhere along the 4-mile creek that today is named for the experiment.
It was a tragic disaster. The settlers were sincere people, most of whom were Christians. They were full of good ideals but had no skills in pioneer living. Miriam Davis Colt wrote a diary about the experiment and its effect on her family. It can be read online now. The title was "Went to Kansas". I read through it for a research project when I was a senior at KU. Today a single marker is all that commemorates what happened.
There is also a chapter on it in Daniel Fitzgerald's classic book, Ghost Towns of Kansas. The site was called "Octagon City".